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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 7-10  

Cariogenic Potential of Most Commonly Prescribed Liquid Oral Medicines for Children

Nikita Agrawal, N.D. Shashikiran, Amit Vanka, *Rupesh Thakur, *S.S. Sandhu
Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, People's College of Dental Sciences & Research Centre, *Centre for Scientific Research & Development, People's Campus Bhanpur, Bhopal-462037.

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Nikita Agrawal, Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, People’s College of Dental Science & Research Centre, People’s Campus Bhanpur, Bhopal-462037
Consumption of liquid oral medicine by frequently ill children, significantly increases the risk of tooth demineralization. In this study a survey was conducted wherein the pediatricians, pharmacist and medical representatives of Bhopal city were enquired about the most commonly prescribed liquid oral medicines for children. The four categories of medicines reported were: antipyretics/analgesics, antibiotics, antihistaminics/antitussives and multivitamins. Three samples from each category were taken. Sugar concentration was evaluated by Lane-Eynon general volumetric method and pH was measured by using digital pH meter (EU-TECH). High concentration of sugar was found in 50% of samples  and 90% samples showed low pH. Sugar concentration was in a range of 20.6 to 68.2% and pH in a range of 3.8 to 8.5.  As sugar  in medication is a potential threat to teeth, therefore, alternatives including sugar substitute should be considered
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